Chroniques d’Enguerrand de Monstrelet: V.10 PDF

Jump to navigation Jump to search For the 4th Duke of Somerset, see Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Chroniques d’Enguerrand de Monstrelet: V.10 PDF. English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years’ War.

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Edmund Beaufort was the third surviving son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and Margaret Holland. Although he was the head of one of the greatest families in England, his inheritance was worth only 300 pounds. By contrast his rival, Richard, Duke of York, had a net worth of 5,800 pounds. His cousin King Henry VI’s efforts to compensate Somerset with offices worth 3,000 pounds only served to offend many of the nobles and as his quarrel with York grew more personal, the dynastic situation got worse. His brothers were taken captive at the Battle of Baugé in 1421, but Edmund was too young at the time to fight. He acquired much military experience while his brothers were prisoners. In 1427 it is believed that Edmund Beaufort may have embarked on an affair with Catherine of Valois, the widow of Henry V.

Evidence is sketchy, however the liaison prompted a parliamentary statute regulating the remarriage of queens of England. Edmund surrenders to Charles VII at Rouen in 1449. Illuminated page from the Anciennes chroniques d’Angleterre, Jean de Wavrin. Edmund received the county of Mortain in Normandy on 22 April 1427. Edmund became a commander in the English army in 1431.

Somerset was appointed to replace York as commander in France in 1448. Fighting began in Normandy in August 1449. Somerset’s subsequent military failures left him vulnerable to criticism from York’s allies. He failed to repulse French attacks, and by the summer of 1450 nearly all the English possessions in northern France were lost. Power had rested with Somerset from 1451 and he virtually monopolised it, with Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI, as one of his principal allies. It was also widely suspected that Edmund had an extra-marital affair with Margaret. After giving birth to a son in October 1453, Margaret took great pains to quash rumours that Somerset might be his father.

By now York was determined to depose Somerset by one means or another, and in May 1455 he raised an army. He confronted Somerset and the King in an engagement known as the First Battle of St Albans which marked the beginning of the Wars of the Roses. Somerset was killed in a last wild charge from the house where he had been sheltering. James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond and secondly Sir Robert Spencer, of London and Bridport, Dorset.

Robert St Lawrence, 3rd Baron Howth and secondly Sir Richard Fry. As Duke of Somerset, Edmund Beaufort’s arms were the Royal Arms of England within a bordure compony argent and azure. Recueil des chroniques et anchiennes istories de la Grant Bretaigne, à present nommé Engleterre, 5, Cambridge University Press, pp. The Lineage and Ancestry of H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, by Gerald Paget, Vol. Royal Ancestry » 2013, Douglas Richardson Vol. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol.

Royal Ancestry » 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. Subscription or UK public library membership required. The Magna Carta Barons and Their American Descendants. The Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century, Part I. A Treasury of Royal Scandals: The Shocking True Stories History’s Wickedest, Weirdest, Most Wanton Kings, Queens.

Mistress of the Monarchy: The Life of Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster. Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. Blason famille fr Jean IV de Rieux. Blason fam fr Motier de La Fayette. Blason Jacques de Dinan, seigneur de Beaumanoir.

Arms of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford. Coat of Arms of Sir John Fastolf, KG. Coat of Arms of Sir Thomas Kiriell, KG. Une fois le siège d’Orléans levé et après la bataille de Patay, l’étau anglo-bourguignon est desserré. Articles détaillés : Traité de Troyes et Jeanne d’Arc.