Heroic PDF

Jump to navigation Jump to heroic PDF The Greek Heroic Age, in mythology, is the period between the coming of the Greeks to Thessaly and the Greek return from Troy. The Greek heroes can be grouped into an approximate chronology, based on events such as the Argonautic expedition and the Trojan War.


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Many of the early Greek heroes were descended from the gods, and were part of the founding narratives of various city-states. They also became the ancestors of later heroes. The Phoenician prince Cadmus, was the first Greek hero. Perseus, famous for his exploits well before the days of his great-grandson, Heracles, was the son of Zeus. Aeacus was also a son of Zeus. Bellerophon was descended from the nymph, Orseis. Oenomaus, king of Pisa, in the Peloponnese, was the son of Ares.

The excellence of individual warriors was important. A monstrous boar was sent by Artemis to ravage the region of Calydon in Aetolia because its king neglected to honor her in his rites to the gods. King Oeneus sent messengers seeking the best hunters in Greece, offering them the boar’s pelt and tusks as a prize. The myth of Jason and the Golden Fleece is one of the oldest stories of a hero’s quest. Jason sailed on the Argo, and those who accompanied him were called the « Argonauts ». The story of Oedipus is the basis of a trilogy of plays by Sophocles, however, similar stories have been traced to cultures all over the world. Oedipus places a curse upon his sons Eteocles and Polynices.