Pre-Brythonic Armorica includes the ancient megalith cultures in the area and the Celtic tribal territories that existed before Roman rule. The history of Brittany begins with settlement beginning in prehistoric times, beginning around 700 000 BCE. As part of Armorica since the Gallo-Roman period, Brittany developed an la Bretagne d’Arthur: Saxons et Bretons des siècles obscurs PDF maritime trade network near the ports of Nantes, Vannes, and Alet, as well as salting factories along its coasts. The union of the country as Brittany occurred in 851 under King Erispoë, son of Nominoë, but was disrupted by disputes over succession and Norman incursions.
Alors que, jusqu’au dernier tiers du IVE siècle, le cadre administratif, social et économique, hérité de trois siècles de présence romaine, était encore en place en Bretagne, il en avait presque entièrement disparu moins de cent ans après. On a souvent rapporté cette mutation à l’irruption, dans l’île, de tribus germaniques. Un réexamen des données montre qu’il s’agit d’un phénomène plus complexe, trouvant ses origines dans l’évolution de la province depuis la conquête claudienne.
The Breton province maintained relative autonomy and benefited from its own institutions. After a period of strong economic and demographic growth in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, due to a period of newfound peace, Brittany experienced a trouble period from the end of the seventeenth century to the French Revolution of 1789. After a long nineteenth century marked by a modernization of agriculture and by huge increases in population, an emigration to the rest of France began. For the history of Brittany before the first written records, see Prehistory of Brittany.
The Paleolithic period of Brittany ranges from 700 000 to 10 000 years BC. Traces of the oldest industries were found in the middle valley of the Vilaine river, identified as pebbles arranged in a quarry in Saint-Malo-de-Phily. In addition to pebble, bifaces are found there, and the site dates to 300,000 BC. Menez Dregan with a date making them up to 400 000 years BC. The few human groups are then made of hunter-gatherers. From the Middle-Mousterian period, remain two outstanding sites in the region, in Mont-Dol where scrapers were found in a site dated to 70,000 BC.