Bernard of Clairvaux – Gutenburg – 13206. According to tradition, Bernard founded the monastery on 25 June 1115, naming it Claire Vallée, which evolved into Clairvaux. On the death of Pope Les cantos pisans PDF II on 13 February 1130, a schism broke out in the Church.
Les Cantos, ce sont comme leur nom l’indique des chants, car ce livre relève au moins autant de la musique que de la poésie, tant la recherche de l’harmonie y est exigeante et tangible. On y ressent à chaque page la langue en action comme un courant symphonique incessant, une polyphonie universelle orchestrée par la seule voix d’Ezra Pound. OEuvre totale qu’il forgea tout au long de sa vie, les Cantos sont le plus important poème épique du XXe siècle, un flot bouillonnant de références historiques et d’échappées magnifiques qui nous donne un accès direct au flux mental des images et des obsessions de Pound. Nous publions ici, en bilingue, les Cantos pisans traduits par Denis Roche, pièce majeure de l’oeuvre de Pound.
King Louis VI of France convened a national council of the French bishops at Étampes in 1130, and Bernard was chosen to judge between the rivals for pope. In 1139, Bernard assisted at the Second Council of the Lateran. He subsequently denounced the teachings of Peter Abelard to the pope, who called a council at Sens in 1141 to settle the matter. After the Christian defeat at the Siege of Edessa, the pope commissioned Bernard to preach the Second Crusade. The last years of Bernard’s life were saddened by the failure of the crusaders, the entire responsibility for which was thrown upon him. Bernard died at the age of 63, after 40 years as a monk.
The Vision of St Bernard, by Fra Bartolommeo, c. Bernard would expand upon Anselm of Canterbury’s role in transmuting the sacramentally ritual Christianity of the Early Middle Ages into a new, more personally held faith, with the life of Christ as a model and a new emphasis on the Virgin Mary. Bernard was only nineteen years of age when his mother died. During his youth, he did not escape trying temptations and around this time he thought of retiring from the world and living a life of solitude and prayer. In 1098 Saint Robert of Molesme had founded Cîteaux Abbey, near Dijon, with the purpose of restoring the Rule of St Benedict in all its rigour. Bernard exorcising a possession, altarpiece by Jörg Breu the Elder, c. The little community of reformed Benedictines at Cîteaux, which would have so profound an influence on Western monasticism, grew rapidly.