Ninotchka is a 1939 American film made for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer by producer and director Ernst Lubitsch and starring Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas. Paris to sell jewelry confiscated from the aristocracy during the Russian Revolution of 1917. LUBITSCH PDF their hotel suite, Iranov, Buljanov and Kopalsky bargain with a jeweler when Leon interrupts the meeting.
Réalisateur, acteur et producteur, Ernst Lubitsch commence sa carrière en Allemagne jusqu’en 1922, date à laquelle il émigre à Hollywood où il mourra en 1947. Ses films allemands sont beaucoup moins connus que les films qu’il a réalisés ou interprétés à Hollywood, et particulièrement ses comédies des années 30 comme Angel, Bluebeard’s eighth wife, Ninotchka ou The Shop around the corner, et des années 40 comme That uncertain feeling, To be or not to be, Heaven can wait. L’ouvrage s’ouvre sur une biographie du cinéaste par Hans Helmut Prinzler, riche d’informations sur le contexte de l’œuvre, tant sur le Berlin du début du siècle que sur la vie à Hollywood pendant la période de l’âge d’or des studios. Cette biographie est complétée d’un texte du cinéaste, qui explique sa vision de la mise en scène : la fameuse Lubitsch’s touch. Ce volume regroupe également des textes publiés par les Cahiers du cinéma, des témoignages des collaborateurs et amis du cinéaste, et des notes critiques sur 23 films de Lubitsch. Ces textes signés entre autres François Truffaut, Lotte Eisner, Jean-Louis Comolli, Serge Daney, jean Eustache, Jean Narboni, Charles Tesson, Bernard Eisenschitz, permettent de comprendre et d’appréhender le travail de Lubitsch – au delà de ses films les plus connus comme The Shop around the corner ou To be or not to be. Wolfgang Jacobsen clôt cet ouvrage par une filmographie complète et commentée.
He explains to the jeweler that the merchandise is stolen and there is a court injunction stopping the sale. The jeweler refuses to buy until they obtain a clear title from the French court. Leon invites the three Russians to an extravagant lunch and talks them into staying in Paris to enjoy themselves. Ninotchka is rigid and stern, admonishing Iranov, Buljanov and Kopalsky for failing to complete their mission. Ninotchka and Leon first meet outside the hotel without knowing who the other is.
He flirts but she is uninterested. Leon follows her to the Eiffel Tower and points out his home through a telescope. She invites herself to his apartment where they kiss before Leon receives a phone call from Buljanov. Ninotchka realizes Leon is the representative of Grand Duchess Swana and leaves the apartment. While awaiting the court hearing over the jewelry injunction, Ninotchka becomes seduced by the West and by Leon, who falls in love with her.
After a date with Leon, Ninotchka wakes to find Grand Duchess Swana has bribed a waiter to steal the jewelry. Swana agrees to give them back if Ninotchka leaves France for Russia so that Swana can have Leon to herself. Ninotchka agrees and she, Iranov, Buljanov and Kopalsky leave for Moscow. Some time later, Ninotchka is again dispatched to clean up after the three men’s failed mission, this time in Constantinople. Waiting for her in Constantinople is Leon, who explains that he was barred from entering The Soviet Union to win Ninotchka back.
The three Russian men accommodate themselves to capitalism by opening a restaurant, but the last joke of the film is that one of them carries a sign protesting that the other two are unfair to him. Premiered in 1939 in the United States, the movie was released a month after the outbreak of World War II in Europe, where it became a great success. It was, however, banned in the Soviet Union and its satellites. In a play on the famous « Garbo Talks! Ninotchka was marketed with the catchphrase « Garbo Laughs! Garbo’s serious and melancholy image and implying she had not laughed or played comedy before.
When the film was first released, The New York Times film critic Frank S. Walter Reisch, Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder, has come off brilliantly. The sly political jokes include Garbo saying: « The last mass trials were a great success. There are going to be fewer but better Russians » and there are a few well-placed jokes mocking the failed Soviet Five-Year-Plan. An attempt to revive the film later during World War II was suppressed on the grounds that the Soviets were then allies of the West. In 1955, the musical Silk Stockings opened on Broadway.
In 1990, Ninotchka was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being « culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant ». In 2011, Time also included the film on the magazine’s list of « All-Time 100 Movies ». 2005: AFI’s 100 Years100 Movie Quotes: Leon: « Ninotchka, it’s midnight. One half of Paris is making love to the other half. Leon: « Well, I don’t have to, but I find it natural. Ninotchka received four Academy Award nominations: Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role, Best Original Story, and Best Screenplay. Russian girl saturated with Bolshevist ideals goes to fearful, capitalistic, monopolistic Paris.
She meets romance and has an uproarious good time. Capitalism not so bad, after all. The New York Times, film review, November 10, 1939. Ozus’ World Movie Reviews, film review, February 20, 2008. All-Time 100 Movies », Time, October 3, 2011. AFI’s 100 Greatest Love Stories of All Time ». The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
The 12th Academy Awards, 1940″, honoring the films of 1939. Awards presentation at Coconut Grove of the Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles, California, February 29, 1940. The Big Screen: The Story of the Movies, p. A partire dal 1919 dirige film di generi diversi, in particolare commedie e film in costume.